India – China Tensions

India and China have a love-hate relationship with each other. Various facets encourage the positivity of the rapport. For instance, China is somehow an inspiration to India in terms of building upon the economy. The way that the Chinese have constructed their economy and ensured the eradication of poverty is truly remarkable. India should refer to the Chinese model for assisting the matters relating to developing the economy and poverty elimination. At the beginning of President Xi Jinping’s term, he emphasized on the Chinese policy of strengthening relations and maintaining friendly ties with its neighbor India. Hence, determining the initial foundation of the relationship to be a positive one. 

India and China are excellent trade partners. The trade relation has seen admirable growth over the years. China occupied about 5% of total exports and 14% of imports with India in the past year. There is also a significant presence of Chinese investments in the Indian economy. About 800 Chinese companies are settled in the national sphere and duly contribute to the economy of India. The start-up companies in India act as a huge attraction to the FDIs from China. Also, there is a constant preeminence from the mobile phone companies in China expressed in the Indian market. Chinese originated phone companies have a big selling market in India. Along with that, one of the most interesting trading sectors between India and China would be the pharmaceutical industry. India is an important distributor of pharmaceutical drugs around the world. However, it is critically dependent on China for the import of raw materials to manufacture those drugs. 

The emerging potential of both countries has drawn a lot of attention to the region. Anywise, China has achieved its position as a dominating power in the region alongside India which, is preparing to compete against it. Due to several unwanted disturbances caused by China, other countries in the region are hoping for India to provide support and fight against the outrage. The constantly expanding likeness towards India in the region has agitated China. India acts as a caregiver to those distressed countries by cooperating with them on defense and diplomatic terms. Apart from these, India and China are members of several international organizations where they work together to assist each other’s needs. Most importantly, India has to be very cautious about its actions and intentions with keeping in mind the fact that China is a permanent member of the Security Council. For example, one such reprised incident was when China held its stance on titling Masood Azhar as a global terrorist, who was responsible for plotting the 2019 Pulwama attack. 

Throughout history, India and China have had shared various episodes of territory and border disputes. One of the most important issues was that of the occupation of Aksai Chin range by China during the Sino-India war in 1962. India still retains its claim over the region and condemns the act of illegal occupation by the Chinese forces. In the later years, yet another incident had had ignited the tensions and, that would be the dispute over Doklam. Doklam being a refuted property between China, Bhutan, and India attracts India’s concerns. In 2017, India objected to the construction of a road in the disputed Doklam region by the Chinese in support of Bhutan. The Doklam region is very important for India as it provides the only link to allow connection with the northeastern states. The debate resulted in a two-month-long military standoff between India and China. Apart from these, China has also expressed its interest in claiming over regions such as the Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Ladakh, which at present are important areas of the Indian territory. The intensity of these claims is further announced as potential threats as cautioned by the Tibetan PM. 

Now, the recent clashes in the Galwan valley can be said to be a plotted revenge from China. China is intolerant about India’s progress in terms of its improving trade ties with countries such as the U.S. which, is for sure an enemy to China. Also, the decision of scrapping Article 370 of the Indian constitution led to the identification of Ladakh as a union territory.

Therefore, encouraging China to indulge in military techniques to take over Ladakh. As many as 20 Indian soldiers got killed during the faceoff, that proved this incident to be vicious than the previous ones. Following this, the Indian government has maintained a stronghold to respond and condemn the ongoing issue. 

The Indian government has stated that the army has been granted a ‘freehand’ to handle any intrusions from foreign troops at the border. The ‘freehand’ gesture indicates the allowance of the use of autonomous decisions and extreme actions to be taken by the Indian army thus, concluding on the refined aggressive approach by India. The whole act of Chinese military intervention is debated as an infringement of Indian sovereignty. Additionally, the Indian government has impugned China by banning several mobile applications that are said to minorly affect Chinese firms and investors. Hence, beginning with a minuscular step to create disruptions within Chinese economy. 

It is very important for India to actively voice against the oppression imposed by China. Due to the rising tensions among the two countries, several other neighboring states lookup to India to sabotage Chinese dominance in the region. 

A China-India-Pakistan trilateral: Both a red herring and wake-up ...
Credits : Business Standard

– Teesta Roy

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